Letters / FRFI 225 Feb/Mar 2012

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 225 February/March 2012

Pelican Bay: diary of a hunger strike

10 October 2011

Just sitting here, attempting to endure these harsh conditions that myself and ten other prisoners are being put through, thinking about how crazy the warden of ‘Skeleton Bay’ is – he came onto the tier to speak to each of us on Wednesday 5 October and said we could go back to our Secure Housing Unit (SHU) cells if we’d eat. Well, GD Lewis, warden of Pelican Bay State Prison (PBSP), got his answer: today is 10 October and the hunger strikers are still here – living on water.

For over 20 years I’ve lived in extreme isolated solitary confinement; through years of deprivation and sensory disorientation. For all those years – no phone calls, no photos taken, no contact visits. This is cruel and unusual torture. The SHU is attacking and destroying the basis of our humanity through sensory deprivation. The SHU causes a physical and psychological trauma whose end result is a hammer blow to the mind and body. The construction of such a system cannot be considered anything other than an institutional system of cruelty and torture – a systematic attack on SHU prisoners’ human stimuli.

So I decided to join the battle as I have no choice but to struggle against the torture. I have not eaten solid food since 25 September. So far I’ve lost over 25 pounds. This battle is essential as a means to bring attention to the seriousness of the inhumanity PBSP-SHU prisoners are suffering every day. ‘Gang debriefing’, no phone calls, no photos, no contact visits, no sunshine, no raincoats, small portions of food, lack of proper radio stations and TV channels, kiddie movies, inhumane guards – all these are just symptoms of the problems but the real problem is the SHU itself. The California Department of Corrections and Repressions’ willingness to lie knows no bounds. Two Ombudsmen, Gina Weiss and Sarah Malone, have come to our cells acting as though they had our best interests in mind, all the while cajoling us to eat. Ms Weiss made the statement: ‘It’s ironic that we’re trying to save lives.’ WTF! We’ve been in administrative segregation for 12 days now without receiving one single document, 114D or 115 rule infraction to state why we were placed here.

All prisoners have to fight back with our bodies – for however long it takes our voices will be our bodies and we are speaking out loudly enough to focus Governor Jerry Brown’s attention on the hunger strike. We need supporters to make sure he hears our bodies’ cries for justice and fair and humane treatment. Tell him to end the torture at Pelican Bay SHU. Our lead negotiators – two female attorneys – have been accused of ‘aiding and abetting’ the hunger strikers.

What a travesty of justice that is. Phone, fax, email or write to Governor Jerry Brown and express your displeasure at how he is running his state – California is moving in the direction of a fascist state.

27 December 2011

I was moved back to the SHU on 13 October 2011, to my same cell D4-107. My property was destroyed and stolen by the guard who packed my stuff. I have written him up. I’d like to be placed on your mailing list. Meantime, we are still awaiting ‘results’ from the hunger strike. Asante.

In struggle,

Paul Sangu Jones PBSP-ASU-HZ

PO Box 7500/B24077, Crescent City, CA 95532, US

From SHU to ASU

 

In a cell where they won’t give me a book

I sit in a darkened room

Now that I have refused their food

The guards swoop like vultures

They swarm around me like flies

Because my peaceful hunger strike

‘Disturbs them’

Into the ASU dungeon I am thrown

For the alleged ‘criminal conspiracy’

Not to eat

With the guards’ unnatural obsession with

‘Gang activities’

This gives them licence to repress us

With institutional impunity

To the point where it seems to affect their

Sanity

I’ve lived with their hypocrisy and the

Twisted lies

Until I had to finally say ‘enough is enough’

End this prolonged isolation

Now I’m confined to Administrative

Segregation

I only leave my cell to shower

No yard, No fresh air

All of this because I opposed being

Tortured

I sit in starved rebellion.

In October 2011, the prisoners ended the hunger strike, their second, after three weeks. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation say they will review every Security Housing Unit prisoner whose SHU sentence is related to alleged gang activities. This was a key demand of the hunger strikers. One hunger striker suffered a heart attack and died over the course of the hunger strikes; others were denied medication for different conditions.


Justice for Rangzieb Ahmed, tortured on behalf of the British state

I lodged my case at the European Court of Human Rights on 23 December 2011. I also started civil proceedings on 16 January 2012 at the High Court of Justice in Britain against the following:

• The director general of MI5

• The director general of MI6

•The Foreign and Commonwealth Office

• The Home Office

• The Attorney General

• The Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police.

You will all by now have heard that in the case of Binyam Mohamed and another unnamed individual, no charges were brought against the secret service agents due to insufficient evidence. I am not surprised by this decision. The British police will never properly investigate British complicity in torture and they are just playing a part in the cover-up to deceive the public. As for the public inquiry [now abandoned] into complicity with torture, nobody was prepared to participate in it because it was clear it wasn’t serious about getting at the truth. The British government needs to set up a different institution to reach the truth. The public needs to know what actually happened and the people responsible need to face justice. Britain preaches to the world about the rule of law and justice so I think it’s well overdue that they should practise what they preach.

RANGZIEB AHMED A6326AC

HMP Full Sutton,York YO41 1PS


Wakefield censors FRFI

An FRFI was sent to me at this establishment. I signed for it the weekend of 3/4 December 2011 and was subsequently told it was not for issue. Governor J Fisher wrote: ‘Security decision – inappropriate content’, ‘As above, not for issue’. I would like you to look into it as a matter of urgency on my behalf. I have had previous problems at Wakefield as you are aware – you were instrumental in getting some FRFIs that had been stopped issued to me a couple of years ago. I am not the only inmate whose copies of FRFI have been stopped.

LESLIE MALCOLM

HMP Wakefield

Thank you for your Christmas card. Pleased be advised that  the December/January issue of  FRFI was stopped in this prison on the following grounds: ‘Security decision – inappropriate content’, signed by the security governor on 9 December 2011. Will you please respond appropriately to what looks like yet another breach of Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights.


 

JON KEELER

HMP Wakefield

FRFI takes all attempts to ban our newspaper very seriously and has repeatedly compelled the Prison Service to back down on such censorship attempts. Please write letters of protest about the banning of FRFI to Governor Susan Howard, HMP Wakefield, 5 Love Lane, Wakefield WF2 9AG


Raise a glass to 2012

’Tis the season to be jolly!

Wallow not in melancholy!

Rejoice in the solstice bringing light!

Banish dark of corporate night!

Foster struggle by ninety-nine

So we, the people, can be fine!

May your Winter Solstice season, individually and collectively, be much better than my doggerel. May you all have plenty of cause to celebrate and may that cause wax in the coming year. On this side of the puddle, it has not been a stellar year for the left but, sez I, raise a glass anyway – it’s always got something in it! I’m looking forward to another year of FRFI and fighting the good fight.

The future holds promise.

BILL DUNNE #10916-080

USP Pollock, PO Box 2099, Pollock, LA 71467, US


Determined struggle needed

It was encouraging to read about the Occupy LSX protest against the excesses of the City of London (FRFI 224). The year ahead looks like being pretty bleak for ordinary working people. We need a determined struggle for a better world more than ever.

That means keeping up the pressure for change in society. It means refusing to accept conventional ‘wisdom’ on how to deal with the deficit. This is the belief that says that inevitably ordinary people will have to pay to reduce the deficit. We should reject Tory and Lib Dem claims that Labour were to blame for our debts by investing in public services.

We need to grow our way out of the recession, not cut back. And that means fighting, like we did on 30 November last year.

GRAEME KEMP

via email


Thank you

Thank you for sending FRFI over the years. Myself and the others look forward to it. The reports in your paper are always qualified with named sources – which is a whole lot more than any typical broadsheet.

FRFI is an excellent paper and if I get out I for one will continue to read it.

DERMOT DONOVAN A2665AA

HMP Swaleside, Kent ME12 4AX


Scottish independence – the first step towards a socialist republic

The Scottish Parliament has set autumn 2014 as the date for the long-awaited Referendum on Scotland’s independence and break from the imperialist British state.

With an independent Scotland now possibly within the grasp of the people, do we want it??Can Scotland go it alone, and could it be a step forward towards a socialist republic of Scotland? In my view, yes, on all three counts.

According to a Times report, Scotland without oil is in surplus. The most recent Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland figures – without oil and gas revenues – demonstrate that Scottish public finances ran a current budget surplus in each of the three years to 2007- 08, totalling £2.3bn. In comparison the UK ran a budget deficit in each of those years totalling £24bn.

Scotland is also a world leader in natural energy resources, through our wind power, which will create more revenue and development than oil and gas in the future.

We as a nation could also provide enough renewable energy to supply a quarter of Europe. Currently it costs the Scottish people £32m a day to be in the UK union in oil and gas revenues alone. In an independent Scotland, this could be put back into the country.

As can be seen, Scotland as a nation could support itself alone. After the break up of the state, we as communists must arise and unite in the face of a capitalist, big business-orientated government such as the Scottish National Party. All public services such as energy and transport must be renationalised. The same goes for the banking institutions.

We must ensure that a socialist government is put in place by whatever means at our disposal.

As? communists we must come together and educate the people and let them be organised in such a way workers’ committees spring up in every locality.

Will it be easy? Probably not, but the working class must receive the education it needs in order to make this happen – it can be done! So comrades, let us unite, break British imperialism, bring forth an independent state and then take our first steps towards a socialist workers’ Republic of Scotland...

DPR Young

Angus, Scotland


Solidarity with Greek steelworkers

Part of a solidarity statement issued by Trade Union International of Metal and Mining of the World Federation of Trade Unions, based in the Basque Country,  in solidarity with Greek steelworkers at Helliniki Halivourgia:

The workers are fighting in an exemplary fashion because they refuse to accept the regressive conditions and cutbacks imposed by the owners of the company, such as a 40% cut in wages and reduction in paid hours. The director is also trying to impose unpaid overtime and flexible working and to eliminate workplace safety rights, despite a high rate of accidents at this company.

Faced with the unacceptable, the 400 workers at the steelworks declared an indefinite strike at the end of October 2011. To date, 50 of them have been sacked.

We demand the immediate reinstatement of the sacked workers, the maintenance of an eight-hour working day, without part-time work hours or enforced flexitime, and no reduction in salaries. The struggle of the Helliniki Halivourgia steel workers is a struggle for the rights of all Greek and European workers as increasingly businesses use the pretext of the capitalist ‘crisis’ to lay off workers and impose cutbacks. Messages of solidarity to the Greek comrades can be sent to our email address and we will forward them.

Support the struggle of the Greek working class! Solidarity with the Greek steelworkers!

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Royal parasites

Proposals to build a new royal yacht angered many at a time of great hardship. It shows the utter contempt of the Coalition towards us, rewarding not just the 1% but also one parasitical family, while attacking the 99%.

The anti-cuts movement and Republicans must work together to say that not only is the monarchy completely corrupt and undemocratic , it is also unaffordable. With yacht-gate and the Jubilee just months away, why are we spending so much to preserve the position of one of the richest families in the world?

We invite you all to a conference to organise resistance to the monarchy, its power and privilege,   on 21 April in Manchester. Details at www.socialistsfor republic.wordpress.com

Phil Wilson

Socialists for Republic

Letters/ FRFI 224 Dec 2011/Jan 2012

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism 224 December 2011/January 2012

Support anti-fascist prisoners in Britain!

I just wanted to write and say thank you for thinking of me and sending me a copy of your great newspaper FRFI.  You sent it to me at Chelmsford but I’ve since been moved to Wayland. I always enjoyed reading your paper while on the outside so it was fantastic to get it here. I’ve already passed it to a few inmates here who were quite impressed and I’m hoping they’ll purchase it regularly on release. Being the only political prisoner here it was refreshing to hear their comments and to see the looks on their faces as they realised there’s so much they don’t hear about in The Sun or on TV!

I’d be more than happy to receive future issues whilst in prison or info on how I can subscribe. It’s very difficult to order things in this prison.

You may be interested to hear that the anti-fascists in our second trial were all found innocent of conspiracy charges, showing even more the ridiculous nature of the very few convictions that were successful.

Once again, thank you very much

Ravi Gill

HMP Wayland


Connor Riley writes for FRFI:

The background to Ravi’s letter is that on 28 March 2009 a number of anti-fascist activists travelled to south-east London, where Neo-Nazis had congregated for a music event organised by racist promoters Blood and Honour. Anti-fascists confronted two fascists on the platform of Welling train station; the police quickly arrived and arrested seven anti-fascists. Another 16 people were subsequently arrested in dawn raids and they were all charged with conspiracy to commit violent disorder, although the charges against one young woman were thrown out before reaching the Crown Court.

The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) then split the defendants between two trials, both using the same prosecutor, Mark Trafford. On 6 June 2011, 11 defendants appeared before Blackfriars Crown Court. They were selected not on the basis that there was the most evidence against them (no evidence of conspiracy was shown throughout) but because of previous political convictions. This meant that their defence would be weakened by, for example, not being able to present ‘character evidence’ to the court. The CPS relied on the jury being ignorant and prejudiced – a strategy which clearly worked. Two years after their arrests and following a 17-day trial, seven were convicted and four acquitted. Six of those convicted were sentenced to 15-21 months’ immediate imprisonment; the seventh was given a suspended sentence. After the trial, Judge Blacksell said he would be recommending Detective Inspector Blackburn for a commendation – presumably for making the country safer for racists and fascists.

One working day before the second trial, charges against two more defendants were dropped, leaving nine to face Trafford and Blacksell on 12 September. During the three-week trial in which Trafford tried to label the racists of ‘Blood and Honour’ and the anti-fascists as two sides of the same coin, no conspiracy evidence was presented. Defence barristers put the events into their political and historical context, one barrister saying that the jury should not only be acquitting the defendants, but thanking them for being prepared to confront organised fascism. Further highlighting the ridiculous imprisonment of the six activists in the first trial, the jury acquitted all nine defendants.

FRFI congratulates all those who were acquitted and sends our solidarity to the imprisoned activists. Please show your support by sending cards and letters to:

Ravinder Gill A5770CE,

HMP Wayland,

Griston,

Thetford,

Norfolk, IP25 6RL

 

Andy Baker A5768CE,

HMP Highpoint,

Stradishall,

Newmarket,

Suffolk CR8 9YG

 

Sean Cregan A5769CE,

HMP Coldingley,

Shaftesbury Road,

Bisley,

Surrey GU24 9EX

 

Phil De Souza A5766CE,

HMP Elmley, Eastchurch,

Sheerness,

Kent ME12 4AY

 

Austen Jackson A5729CE,

HMP Stocken,

Stocken Hall Road,

Stretton,

Oakham LE15 7RD

 

(The sixth prisoner Thomas Blak has been released and deported to Denmark.)


Irish POW solidarity with GDC

We the undersigned Irish Political Prisoners currently incarcerated at Portlaoise gaol, Ireland wish to express our support and solidarity with the work of the Glasgow Defence Campaign.

We also take this opportunity to condemn the ongoing politically motivated police harassment and arrests of FRFI members and supporters.

Gareth BYRNE, Patrick Wall, Eugene Kelly and 48 others
(full  list at http://tinyurl.com/d9cbbk4)


Impressed by FRFI

Hi comrades, this is Mike Prysner from the Party for Socialism and Liberation here in the United States. Just wanted to applaud your recent article on Libya, and your work as a whole.

When I was in the UK recently, I got every socialist newspaper I could find, and yours was by far the best. You all continue to impress. Keep up the great work!

Mike Prysner

Los Angeles

Mike Prysner is a US army veteran who fought in Iraq and who came to Britain on a speaking tour against the war.


 Mumia Abu Jamal – 30 years of injustice

On 9 December, it will be 30 years since former Black Panther and radical journalist Mumia Abu Jamal was framed for the killing of a white police officer in Philadelphia. For most of that time he has been on Death Row. However, after years of living in the shadow of death, in October the US Supreme Court upheld the ruling of a lower court that the death penalty imposed on Mumia was unconstitutional. This ruling brings to an end nearly 30 years of legal arguments over the validity of the original sentencing by a rigged jury, presided over by an overtly racist judge. While this is undoubtedly a victory – and, as Mumia has said, you take your victories where you can – this judgment does not in any sense represent justice for Mumia, who now faces spending the rest of his life in prison, having exhausted all possibilities of appeal. This is despite it now being clear that the original trial was a travesty: crucial ballistic evidence was withheld from the court, eye witnesses lied and the real killer has signed an affidavit admitting he shot Officer Faulkner. Mumia was framed by a racist, vindictive state that has tried for 30 years to silence a man known as ‘the voice of the voiceless’ for his implacable commitment to speaking out against racism, oppression and imperialism. Only a political movement in solidarity with Mumia can now force the US to release him. Events are being held worldwide on 9 December. In London, supporters will be marching at 5pm from Speakers’ Corner at Hyde Park to the US Embassy in Grosvenor Square. There will also be a fund-raising social at The Jam in Brixton, south London, with live music and a film showing from 4pm on Sunday 11 December. The struggle to free Mumia continues.

CAT?WIENER

South London


Stitched up in prison

I recently had the opportunity to get shown around Barlinnie prison as part of a sociology research trip. Staff explained the regular occurrence of violent and serious attacks. We were told that in fact a stabbing had occurred the day before our visit, but that this didn’t constitute anything other than ‘a fairly normal day’. Governmental policy stipulates that an assault is regarded as serious when the victim requires four stitches or more. I was shocked to hear that, under pressure to perform to targets and to keep figures for such assaults down, when the victim is taken to the medical unit there will usually be a prison officer encouraging the nurse that only three stitches are necessary.

In the repressive state institution of prison, inmates stop being people and disturbingly become mere targets. Although staff agreed that the prison was moving towards a more rehabilitative ideal, the sheer punitiviness of the prison regime was clearly seen from the oppressive exertion of power over prisoners and the discipline and surveillance they endure every waking second. We must stand in solidarity with these prisoners whose basic human rights are being abused and whose calls for justice remain unheard.

LOUISE GARRELL

Glasgow


Self determination for Balochistan

I write to draw your attention to the appalling repression meted out to Balochistan, a vast dry country in central Asia, divided and occupied by Pakistan and Iran. Some 13 million Balochis suffer Pakistani rule whilst three million endure the brutality of Iranian occupation.

The use of violence to suppress demands for self determination in Balochistan has reached grotesque levels. A broad movement is in formation to fight against the division of the country and kidnappings, torture and murder by the occupying countries.

After the British invaded the country in November 1839, they drew two arbitrary lines, dividing Balochistan between Persia, Afghanistan and a British-controlled zone.

During the 1930s the western part of Balochistan was illegally annexed to the newly established country of Iran. Eastern Balochistan managed to regain independence from Britain in  August 1947 for a few months until in March 1948 the army of the British Dominion of Pakistan invaded Eastern Balochistan. Resistance to this occupation by the Baloch people has never stopped. As a result, Pakistan has carried out five major military operations in the region and since 2000 there has been continuous military repression.

Between 1973-77 over 90,000 Pakistani troops were involved in a full fledged war against Baloch partisans supported by 30 US Cobra attack helicopters supplied by the Shah of Iran. Thousands of the Baloch were displaced, imprisoned, tortured and at least 15,000 were killed during this conflict. Pakistan has also conducted six nuclear tests in Balochistan.

More than 10,000 Baloch intellectuals, political workers, journalists, teachers, university professors, students, writers, poets, musicians, and political leaders have been abducted by Pakistani security forces since the start of the 2000 operation, and have disappeared. Among the disappeared are 168 children. The mutilated bodies of more than 230 victims have been dumped in Balochistan since June 2010.

The state of affairs in Iranian-occupied Balochistan is also equally gruesome. During the first two years of its existence, the Islamic regime of Iran imprisoned, tortured, killed and forced into exile the vast majority of Baloch political and human rights activists. Following that they simply crushed any sign of dissent in Balochistan.  Between 2004 and 2009 Iran executed 1,481 Balochis.

To end this terror the Baloch people demand the right to self determination.

MURID

London


Freedom now

If you fight against the state, if you fight for a better world, for freedom, there is a chance that you will get thrown into the cage – the place where I have been for over 15 years now, in the infernal regions, kept in isolation for security reasons for more than ten of those years. I was arrested in 1996 and only released into the general prison population in 2007.

I was arrested after a bank robbery to raise money for left-wing projects. I was sentenced to 11 years and six months, a preventive detention (PD), based on a Nazi law from 1933 which permits the state to keep me in custody for a lifetime as long as they believe I am a ‘threat to public safety’. Because I refuse to cooperate with the state or to accept forced labour, in 2009 a parole court saw no reason to release me. In 2013 my sentence will be completed and I will be transferred to another maximum security prison for the PD (which should have begun in 2008, but I got another five and a half years for ‘insulting judges, politicians and prison staff’!)

No one was killed or injured by me (the hostages in the bank may have been traumatised, but that was 15 years ago now). I don’t know how long the state will keep me in its cages, but there is no way for me to ‘cooperate’ with them – not with the prison staff, the courts, the psychologists or anyone else from the state.

I’m sure there is little chance that the courts will set me free in the next five years, but if there were a strong movement outside, it might persuade the governor to throw me out of the cage. So I’d appreciate it if you could write letters and emails to the governor: Ministerpraesident Mr Kretschmann, Staatministerium, Richard Wagner Str 15, D-70184, Stuttgart, Germany, fax: 00 49 711 2153 340  email: poststelle@stm. bwl.de and request him to release me.

Thomas Meyer-Falk

c/o JVA-Zelle 3113, Schoenbornstr 32,

D-76646 Bruchsal,

Germany

Letters /FRFI 223 Oct/Nov 2011

FRFI 223 October/November 2011

Gibson Inquiry – cover-up for British complicity with torture

Over the years, allegations of complicity with torture have been made against Britain, based on the accounts of their accusers. Not surprisingly, new allegations have surfaced, this time in Libya. In this case, the evidence not only includes the victims’ accounts, but top secret documents detailing the activities between Libya and MI6.

In response to this expose, Prime Minister David Cameron has come out in defence of the agencies, reminding people of the difficult times we are in. He has, however, indicated that these new allegations will be examined by the Gibson Inquiry.

The sudden appearance of these documents seems to have surprised everybody, including the Prime Minister. But the surprise is not that these documents show Britain’s complicity with torture but that it should have come to everyone’s attention. Such documents have existed for a long time, but only a few have been privy to them as they reside under the much misused category of ‘National Security’.

The current government is quick to point out that all these alleged events occurred under the tenure of the previous regime. They have also stated that they will investigate allegations made against the intelligence agency. So far their attempts have been woeful.

The inquiry set up to investigate allegations of involvement in rendition by the British intelligence agencies is known as the Gibson Inquiry. Sir Peter Gibson, who is heading it, was himself the intelligence services commissioner responsible for reviewing the activities of the Home Secretary and the intelligence services between 2006 and 2011. As he is to investigate the very organisation he was watching over, there is a conflict of interest.

Andrew Tyrie, the Tory MP who is chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Extraordinary Rendition, has criticised the inquiry for taking a series of wrong turnings and said that Sir Peter’s early decisions do not inspire confidence. The inquiry itself is being boycotted by solicitors and human rights organisations.

If the previous government is guilty of allowing MI6 to partake in torture, then the current government will be guilty of suppressing the evidence. The government will continue to plead ignorance, the judge will decide they have no case to answer and the intelligence services will go on spouting the same nonsense about non-complicity.

 

RANGZIEB AHMED A6326AC

HMP Full Sutton, Moor Lane, York YO41 IPS


 

The Deputy Warden of Woodhill...

There is a Clint Eastwood film called Escape from Alcatraz that many prisoners can relate to. A few scenes stand out to me...

The Warden, not liking the artwork from a prisoner, gives the order that his painting privileges be removed. The Deputy Warden, who receives the order, questions what he should tell the prisoner is the reason for this and is told he is the Deputy Warden so make something up.

As the prisoner has his paintings and materials removed from his cell, he says in a very hurt tone ‘but paintings are all I have’. The prisoner is then unable to cope and chops off his fingers at the first opportunity.

The film, which was made in 1979, is a prime illustration of the detrimental impact of the Incentives and Earned Privileges Scheme. Prisoners throughout England are subjected to this level of control, but none more so than those in the Close Supervision Centres (CSCs) which are this country’s Supermaxs.  In the CSCs most privileges are removed and human rights along with them. Apparently it is a privilege to do such things as shower in privacy or out of the sight of female staff, or to receive confidential medical treatment, which CSC prisoners are no longer entitled to.

The new restrictions I face are a ban on my mother’s phone number and home number and the need to book all phonecalls in advance and have every call subject to line monitoring, including legal calls. The reason the ‘Deputy Warden’ gave me is that I ‘may’ have contravened the regulations around the use of the telephone. Upon complaint, I am told a bit more – prisoners are not permitted to use the telephone for the disclosure of information intended for publication which may identify staff.

So now on top of the fact that I have hardly any time out of my cell I now struggle to maintain ties with family and legal advisers. With all this spare time do you think I will expose more or less corruption?

Also, thank you to anyone who has written to me. It has been greatly appreciated. Unfortunately, the Deputy Warden has been returning my mail to sender, claiming I am no longer located here or just failing to post my response. So if you haven’t heard back from me, please write again. I do respond to all my mail.

Please check out my website for more information on my current prison conditions: www.justiceforkev.webs.com

Kevan Thakrar A4907AE

HMP WOODHILL (CSC),

Tattenhoe Street,

Milton Keynes, MK14 4DA


 

Working class youth bear brunt of Scottish cuts

Youth unemployment in Scotland has increased by 10% over the past year, with around 46,300 people aged between 16 and 24 currently on Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA), according to the Scottish Herald (15 September 2011). This excludes those not in education or claiming JSA, a figure estimated by the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion to be 238,000 across the UK.  It is in this climate that the Scottish government has announced a budget which will cut  £74m from colleges by 2014/15, further reducing college staff after 1,000 jobs were lost last year following a 10% cut in funding (Scottish Herald 22 September 2011). This will lead to the closure of courses, larger class sizes and ultimately fewer college places, despite government assurances to protect these for school leavers and unemployed youth. Funding to universities is to increase slightly. I myself went to college after leaving school at 16 and failing to find a job – this gave me a chance to find my feet and I am now in university. The cutbacks are denying the present and upcoming generations the same chances and condemning them to a life on the dole. We must fight back for them and for ourselves!

 

DOMINIC MULGREW

Govanhill, Glasgow


 

NHS: calculating profit and loss

Following on from the review on the privatisation of health care on FRFI online (http://tinyurl.com/

3jc8tnt), comrades may be interested in this article article (www.lrb.co.uk/v33/n18/james-meek/its-already-happened) from the current edition of London Review of Books. Note how the journalist has no problem (unlike the left) locating the current Coalition attack as a  continuation of the Labour government’s policies throughout their term in office.

I found the article particularly useful in understanding how surgeons are calculating the profits and losses of specific surgical procedures. The article quotes Martyn Porter, a senior surgeon:‘“The case we’re doing this morning, we’re going to make a loss of about £5,000. The private sector wouldn’t do it,” he said. “How do we deal with that? Some procedures the ebitda is about 8 per cent. If you make an ebitda of 12 per cent you’re making a real profit.” You expect medical jargon from surgeons, but I was surprised to hear the word “ebitda” from Porter. It’s an accountancy term meaning ‘earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation.’

‘“Last year we did about 1,400 hip replacements,” he said. “The worrying thing for us is we lost a million pounds doing that. What we worked out is that our length of stay [the time patients spend in hospital after an operation] was six days. If we can get it down to five days we break even and if it’s four, we make a million pound profit.” I felt as if I’d somehow jumped forwards in time. Lansley has not yet, supposedly, shaken up the NHS. He’d barely been in power a year when I talked to Porter. But here was a leading surgeon in an NHS hospital, about to perform a challenging operation on an NHS patient, telling me exactly how much money the hospital was going to lose by operating on her, and chatting easily about profit and loss, as if he’d been living in Lansleyworld for years. Had the NHS been privatised one day while I was sleeping?’

It will come as little surprise to regular readers of FRFI ‘Health matters’ articles.

 

Paul Mallon

Glasgow


 

Spanish state persecutes Basque nationalists

On 16 September, the Spanish National Court sentenced five Basque nationalists to prison terms of between eight and ten years, charging them with belonging to ETA and trying to reform a banned organisation. One of those receiving a ten-year sentence was Rafa Diez, former general secretary of the Basque Abertzale Left trade union (LAB). LAB has issued a statement condemning the judgment. We condemn the Spanish state for continuing to place shackles on the open, democratic process. Partisan and electoral interests have been prioritised by the PSOE (main Spanish social democratic party) and the PP (main Spanish conservative and right-wing party) and once again the wishes of the majority of the Basque people have been disrespected and dismissed.

LAB demands the freeing of Rafa Diez and his comrades and calls on the Basque people, the Basque working class, to give a firm and democratic response to this political sentencing, which is a direct attack on the process opened up in the Basque Country for the resolution of the current political conflict. We urge the Basque people to take part in demonstrations and for trade union branches and organisations internationally to express their solidarity with the condemned. Messages can be sent to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

basque abertzale left


 

Parole knock-back leads to 32nd year inside

I’m writing to inform you that I have moved again, so that you don’t send FRFI to my previous prison, and that my case is now being examined by Bristol University Innocence Project, after my rejection by the CCRC last year. It’s at the initial stage, but I will update you with any developments.

I also received another 18 month parole knock-back that takes me into my 32nd year [of imprisonment]. I expect to be rejected again next year, when the tenth review is due to take place.

I am otherwise fine, despite being back at the prison where this injustice began.

RAY GILBERT A6806AJ

HMP Risley,

Warrington Road,

Warrington WA3 6BP


 

Justice for Terry Allen

Thank you so much for the write-up you gave me in the August/September issue of FRFI (Letters, FRFI 222). I guess it must have touched a sensitive spot, because I heard from my solicitor today that we don’t have to pay a penny towards DNA testing as she’s been granted a full legal aid certificate for all the DNA testing that is to be done, so she’s not stopping at one any more. Yippee!

Thank you, FRFI, for all the support you have given me over the years. It has been one very long road.

 

TERENCE ALLEN  A6119AD

HMP Leyhill, Wotton-under-Edge, Bristol GL1Z 8BT


 

More Marxism-Leninism, please

In FRFI 222, I really liked the new style for the Editorial, just inside the front page. Also Steve Palmer’s article on the US Civil War was very interesting: it would be great to have more historical and educational articles in future, especially on Marxism and the works of Lenin, putting current events into context.

JON KEMPSTER

East London

Letters / FRFI 222 Aug/Sep 2011

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 222 August/September 2011

Bradford 12: the right to self-defence

The article remembering the 30th anniversary of the Bradford 12 (FRFI 221) was very welcome. It is important that new generations learn about their historic victory that affirmed the right of self-defence for communities under racist attack.

As a former resident of Bradford, campaigner for the 12 and FRFI correspondent, I feel I need to address some of the inaccuracies in the article.

The Bradford 12 were not ‘members and supporters’ of the Asian Youth Movement, but belonged to an organisation called the United Black Youth League. Their banner is actually shown in the photo accompanying the article.

The articles states that the victory was achieved by the organisation of an ‘inclusive and non-sectarian defence campaign’.

When the Bradford 12 were arrested and remanded on the serious charges of conspiracy, there was a tremendous outpouring of support for them and a huge public meeting was held in an Asian cinema in the city. Many people wanted to get involved and be active in defending them. This energy was unfortunately lost in the weeks after the arrests.

A strong defence campaign was built with great difficulty. Various groups wished to control the campaign and indeed would not participate at all unless they could do so. There were few open meetings for people to attend and actions that would have sustained momentum and participation such as pickets, leafleting and demonstrations were opposed or poorly organised. There was such little sustained campaigning activity while the prisoners were on remand, that Tariq Mehmood was forced to write from his cell demanding unity and a broad-based campaign.

It is simply not true to say that the Bradford 12 campaign had ‘no truck with opportunists and trimmers’, who aimed to ‘confine the anger of the people.’ The reality was that anyone involved at that time had a constant struggle against opportunists and sectarians and it took literally months for a national demonstration to be called.

The campaign that was eventually built was indeed crucial to the victory, but the first rate legal defence was also a huge factor. Legal representatives included Gareth Peirce, Michael Mansfield and Geoffrey Roberston.

It is a shame that the article ended with an earlier quote from Manjit Singh of the Asian Youth Movement. Manjit Singh, also known as Marsha Singh, was one of the biggest blocks to building the Bradford 12 defence campaign and opposed at every stage open, democratic and participatory meetings. He joined the Labour Party in the 1980s and in 1997 became the Labour MP for Bradford West. His voting record shows he supported more restrictions on those seeking asylum, opposed an inquiry into the Iraq war and was in favour of Labour’s anti-terrorism measures.

Bill Bolloten


Response: self defence is no offence

Bill Bolloten’s letter is a most welcome addition to the historical record. He played a central role in the defence campaign and was arrested himself at a street meeting in March 1982 on the charge of ‘blemishing the peace’ while petitioning for the Bradford 12 (FRFI 17, March 1982).

Bill is right to draw attention to the first rate legal defence that the case attracted and the names of Helena Kennedy, barrister for Saeed Hussain, and Leeds solicitor Ruth Bundey should be added to his list.

On the matter of organisations, it is true that the photo in FRFI 221 shows the banner of the United Black Youth League (UBYL). This was a breakaway group from the Asian Youth Movement (AYM) but whether all the defendants in the Bradford 12 case were members is not certain, nor are the political affiliations of the 68 young Asian men arrested at the same time. Nevertheless it was an error not to identify the UBYL.

I was unaware that Manjit Singh of the Bradford 12 Campaign is today Marsha Singh, MP for Bradford West. Bill does FRFI readers a service in drawing attention to this Labour MP’s record of grovelling conformity to Labour’s racist and imperialist record in government.

While accepting Bill’s clarifications, it remains politically important to state that the defence campaign had ‘no truck with opportunists and trimmers’. It is true that the campaign was subject to the usual sectarian bickering over leadership, even to the point of nearly destroying any action, which is the historic record of the British so-called ‘left’. Nevertheless the significance of the Bradford 12 campaign is that it could only be supported on the grounds of the right to self-defence. This was not a campaign about a miscarriage of justice, like the Guildford 4 or the Birmingham Six. It was not a campaign mourning the killing by police or prison guards of innocent victims, like Roger Sylvester. Supporters could not rally around banners proclaiming ‘The Bradford 12 are innocent – Free them now’. The opportunists and trimmers could not dilute the facts of the case, that the accused had met together to plan and carry out making 38 petrol bombs which were later found hidden in the grounds of a Bradford hospital with the fingerprints of two of the 12 defendants on them. Campaigners had to accept the view that resistance to state and racist attacks includes a whole range of political actions not limited to the confines of peaceful protest, the trade unions or the Labour Party.

How different was this determination to fight back to the farce acted out in September 1978 by the Anti-Nazi League when it led 80,000 people away from Hyde Park to a festival in Brixton, in full knowledge that the same day the National Front was marching in the East End of London under the protection of 5,000 police. The call for help from the Hackney and Tower Hamlet’s Defence Committee and the community of Brick Lane was rejected because the International Marxist Group and Socialist Workers’ Party did not want violence: ‘such a movement on the empty streets of London facing 8,000 police might not have broken through and beaten the Nazi marchers’ (Socialist Worker 30 September 78). These cowards chose to make common cause with Tony Benn (Labour cabinet minister) and Sid Bidwell (MP for Southall) rather than Asian people being assaulted by the police. ‘After all, the fact that a Labour Cabinet minister and a major trade union leader are speaking at Hyde Park is not an unimportant fact’ (Socialist Challenge 21 September 1978). This was the opportunism and trimming that characterised the British left at that time and that still today puts the interests of the British Labour Party before those of the most oppressed.

Today the English Defence League and British National Party, encouraged by the war chauvinism of consecutive British governments, threaten communities with violence. A raft of new laws on terrorism combined with the Prevent Strategy and undercover surveillance suppress and control opposition. It is under these circumstances that we remember and celebrate the victory of the Bradford 12 who against great odds showed how necessary is the fight for justice.

Susan Davidson


Support Terry Allen

For over three years I have been waiting for the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) to authorise an essential DNA test – and I am still waiting.

I have been in prison now for 26 years. For 23 of those years, I was told that all the forensic evidence relating to my case had been destroyed on police orders in November 1985. I was ready to go back to the appeal court in March 2008, when suddenly my missing forensic samples were ‘found’.

To date only one DNA test has taken place, and that was over two years ago, but the CCRC refused to give my solicitor the results on the basis that it needed to be confirmed by a second DNA test – which we’re still waiting for them to authorise!

DNA tests will enable the capture of three known killers, whom I can name, who left their DNA behind, and possibly another two. Those bastards have had 26 years of freedom they should never have had. Can you help embarrass the CCRC into allowing the second DNA test to go ahead?

TERRY ALLEN (A6119AD)

HMP Leyhill

To support Terry, write to Criminal Cases Review Commission, 5 St Philip’s Place, Birmingham, B3 2PW or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or tel: 0121 233 1473

Torture inquiry boycott


As you will know, my appeal against conviction was refused, with two points of law about complicity with torture being referred to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court did not give me leave to appeal, so I am taking my case to the European Court of Human Rights.

Regarding the ‘independent’ inquiry which David Cameron announced [into British complicity with illegal rendition and torture] all the detainees and human rights organisations will most probably boycott it. This is because the inquiry will not be conducted according to international law and there are a lot of things they want to cover up by doing them in private.

Thank you for your support.

RANGZIEB AHMED (A6326AC)

HMP Full Sutton


Fight for real collective action

The headline on the Socialist Worker newspaper of 9 July read: 30 June strikes across Britain: This is just the start – now we need a general strike. If you are someone who has just lost their job, or are part of a service that is being cut, or know that anyone who leaves your work place will have their post frozen, or if you have lost benefits or if you know that your union is more interested in negotiating decent terms for those taking voluntary redundancy rather than fighting to save the job –  then that headline would make you laugh out loud. The SWP is living in a fantasy world. What we need to do is to oppose the individualism that pervades our society and fight for collective action in all workplaces, so that no jobs and no services are lost without a fightback.

Megan Lapujole

East London


Control units in the US

I read Nicki Jameson’s article on Muslim prisoners in Britain (FRFI 221) with interest. The US is doing much the same here with the units at Marion and Terre Haute, and the ADX prison in Florence, Colorado. We are not even sure how many US secret prisons overseas there are where the conditions are reported to be even worse. The US began control units in an experiment on the activists of my generation. That exploded into isolation units, largely for the mentally ill, via Supermax Prisons. The federal government then subsidised the building of isolation units (pre 9/11) known as Security Threat Group Management Units, which were for purported gang members. The latest are the Communications Management Units which are for those of the Islamic faith. They are now ‘integrating’ them racially with imprisoned Environmental Liberation Front people (who have little grounding in revolutionary politics).

BONNIE KERNESS

American Friends Service Committee Prison Watch Project

Letters / FRFI 221 June/July 2011

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 221 June/July 2011

Police ‘pre-Royal Wedding’ harassment

I was shocked to be arrested at 7am on 25 April by eight Territorial Support Group officers and, I believe, two detectives at my home in London for alleged ‘violent disorder’ during the TUC demo on 26 March. Initially the police failed to identify themselves, they just hammered on the door. They also failed to produce a search warrant when requested by both myself and my girlfriend. Only as they were leaving the property was my girlfriend given the warrant after much argument.

The search was very detailed, even though the warrant only mentioned items of clothing to be taken. They rifled through documents and even my girlfriend’s make-up. They removed a respirator, scarf, laptop and two rucksacks. I was taken to the local police station where I was told they were going to make the whole process as difficult as they could for me as there was a ‘marker’ on my file stating I’d made previous complaints about the police.

 

I was a bit worried about what they meant by that. The duty sergeant ordered a strip-search in the only cell with no cameras. I refused to leave the relative safety of the front desk. She understood my concern and I was strip-searched in a standard cell covered by CCTV and given white overalls to wear as if it were a forensic investigation. I was then examined by a doctor for a ‘full body map’ to see if I had any injuries; thankfully there were none.

I was interviewed by the two detectives and shown poor quality footage of the TUC demo where some masked protesters threw a traffic cone at a police van – it could have been anyone. The only reason I could see for my arrest was my previous peaceful involvement in other protests, making it unlawful and unjustified.

I was charged and released at 1.30pm, and all my possessions seized earlier were returned. I was bailed to report to the police station on 9 May and not to enter the City of Westminster. I had a bus booked for Scotland later in the day specifically to avoid the Royal Wedding, which I almost missed due to this unnecessary police action.

On my return to London my lawyer informed me that the violent disorder charge had been dropped and no further action was being taken. I will of course be taking further legal advice and live in fear of the next unfounded police sortie.

Harvie Brown

London


 

Police state in Ireland

While the Queen of England was visiting Dublin, I carried and waved the Irish tricolour, our national flag, at a demonstration. This was deemed a ‘crime’ by the Gardai. I was assaulted by the police, handcuffed and taken away in a police van.

Later that night I appeared in court charged under the Public Order Act, sections 6 and 8. I was effectively denied bail as the judge demanded €300 cash bail. I was to sign on three times a week at a Garda barracks and would be banned from entering the city boundaries between Dublin 1 and Dublin 8.

My solicitor pointed out that I was being illegally detained. I was held for approximately 30 hours before being released and appeared in court on 24 May. The case is continuing.

DERMOT

Ireland


 

Media cover-up for racist attacks on Celtic FC

I have been deeply disgusted by the mainstream?media’s coverage of the recent racist abuse?directed?at?Neil Lennon, manager of Celtic Football Club, and their clear political attacks on Celtic FC supporters. Not only have they tried to disguise the blatant?anti-Irish racism directed at Neil Lennon,?they have also described many?of the political songs?sung by?sections of Celtic supporters as sectarian. Nowhere has this been more evident than during?the?BBC’s coverage of the Scottish Cup Final when at half-time Sportscene host Rob Maclean?told the millions of viewers watching that ‘the Celtic supporters have been singing sectarian songs during the first half’. He must have been referring to ‘Boys of the Old Brigade’, an Irish rebel song which does not once mention religion. Funnily enough, just two months ago during a CIS Cup Final, thousands of Rangers FC fans could clearly be heard singing ‘Oh no, Pope of Rome, no chapels to sadden my eyes/No nuns and no priests and no rosary beads’. This could be heard loud and clear, and again Maclean was on duty that day, but didn’t utter a word about that. It is plain to see that the BBC will continue to distort and completely deny the truth. I would advise all to lodge a complaint against the BBC bigots. It is not sectarianism, it is anti-Irish racism.

CONNOR RILEY

Glasgow


 

Anti-imperialist activity in Dorset

I enclose money for ten copies of the pamphlet and 25 copies of the June/July issue of FRFI. Thanks for two excellent issues – it is helping several good comrades to coalesce and encouraging me to study more thoroughly.

There’s been quite a lot of activity here, with meetings and films on Palestine in Sherbourne and Dorchester – over 100 people attended the Dorchester event. There was a debate in Ilminster about Libya – the vote went against the war. 250 people rallied against the EDL in Weymouth, where the fascists had about 90, mainly elderly skinheads. The anti-fascist rally was good, with an open microphone. Films in Bridport, organised by anarchists, the IWW and us alongside some non-aligned people have been good – we screened the World According to Monsanto, a French film, for 45 people last Sunday week; the previous month it was Battle of Algiers to an audience of approximately 30.

JOHN BURBIDGE

Sherbourne


 

FRFI censored

I am currently at HMP Long Lartin. I was receiving your paper at HMP Belmarsh, then I was moved to HMP?Manchester aka Strangeways in October 2009, where they did not allow me to have the papers you had sent me. My solicitors Birnberg Peirce and Partners wrote to them and after months of delaying tactics they said, in a letter dated 11 May 2010, that I would be allowed to have the paper. Two days later I was moved to Long Lartin.

I’ve just read the April/May 2011 FRFI which states that there is still a blanket ban at Manchester prison. This is interesting as it seems that my legal team and I were deceived and they probably only wrote that I?could have the paper as they knew I would be shipped out in a couple of days.

I will be taking HMP?Manchester to court for a number of issues, including not allowing me to have FRFI while I?was there. If anyone has any evidence or information that shows that HMP?Manchester is still not allowing prisoners to have FRFI since May 2010 please pass it on to my solicitor Daniel Guedalla at Birnberg Peirce.

I would like to thank you for your excellent paper and the hard work you do to fight for justice and freedom, against discrimination and to give a voice to the voiceless.

AHMED ALI A2037AF

HMP Long Lartin


 

Abuse and assault under Close Supervision

I write to relate my personal experience of Close Supervision Centres (CSCs) and the torture I have been subjected to in prisons.

After officers sustained injuries at HMP Frankland in March 2010, only a sick individual could imagine the level of violence I sustained. This carried on at HMP Wakefield where I spent 13 days of extreme racial, physical and sexual abuse. After I reported this, I was quickly moved to Woodhill CSC. Psychological torture is extremely painful and, some may say, worse than the physical kind.  Orders are barked and failure to jump high enough leads to further abuse and, often, assault. I have on several occasions not jumped at all, like the time I was ordered to move my toothbrush from one clearly visible point in the cell to another, this resulted in no exercise, shower, phone call, food, library, nothing – behavioural modification skills these ex-army prison officers learned out in Afghanistan, Iraq and other wars.

From all the abuse I have suffered from prison staff, I now have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), resulting in severe anxiety, panic attacks, flashbacks, nightmares and constant fear. I have gone through such bad spells that I have been unable to leave my bed for days, as well as having attempted to take my own life on five occasions in the last ten months.

I am told I require a clinical psychologist to treat my PTSD but ‘none are available’. I therefore have to live an unbearable life, just waiting for the day I am forced to end it, or the staff do it for me and cover it up to make it appear to be a suicide. Either way, I am struggling and need some serious support.

The worst thing is that I am innocent of the crime which I have been imprisoned for in the first place. This resulted in a life sentence of 35 years and I am almost four years into it.

I have been the victim of an unprovoked attack by officers while at HMP Woodhill, resulting in a fractured wrist and six hours in Special Accommodation. I then received a nicking for ‘attempting to commit an assault’ as well as having my unlock level increased and ALL privileges removed.  It’s not the first time this has  happened.

KEVAN THAKRAR A4907AE

HMP WOODHILL, Tattenhoe Street, Milton Keynes, MK14 4DA

(see http://justiceforkev.webs. com)

Anyone with information which might assist me against the charges I face in relation to HMP Frankland should contact my solicitor, Marie Bourke at Bark and Co solicitors, Bridewell Court, 14 New Bridge Street, London EC4V 6AE. I am especially interested in anyone who has taken a civil claim against Frankland or sustained abuse by staff there.


 

Berlin: authorities collaborate with Neo-Nazis

On 14 May 2011 Berlin witnessed an unprecedented example of collaboration between the Neo-Nazis and the authorities of the department for demonstrations and the local council. The authorities had permitted a Neo-Nazi march to start midday on Saturday but kept it secret from the public. One of the Neo-Nazis revealed the details on the internet just hours before it was due to start, so it was possible to organise a counter-demonstration. Against 100 followers of the Neo-Nazi Freier Kameradschaften (Free Comradeship organisation) and members of NPD (National Party of Germany), there were 800 people organised to physically prevent the march. The 500-strong police force present brutally attacked the anti-fascist demonstrators with pepper spray and truncheons. However, they failed to disperse the protesters and the Neo-Nazis declared their event as finished. But nevertheless then Neo-Nazis ‘broke through’ the police kettle and savagely attacked the counter-demonstrators and passers-by. Four people were reported as injured.

The behavior of the authorities and the police showed clearly for the first time the pact between the Neo-Nazis and the police to prevent any kind of anti-fascist protest before it even starts. How else was it possible for the Neo-Nazis so easily to avoid police cordons? And after the attacks to the counter-demonstrators, the police just sent the fascists back to their meeting point rather than arresting them! This event clearly shows that not just the Neo-Nazis but the state police must be considered as an enemy force against any kind of progressive movement.

ANDREAS MEINHOF

Berlin


 

Unity needed against fascism

It was nice to read your article [on the joint resistance by the RCG and Socialist Party to EDL attempts at intimidation in Newcastle, FRFI 220]. As a Socialist Party member, I am proud that you supported us and likewise we did the same.

We may have our political differences, but at least we know who the enemy is!

PAUL

via email


 

Up the virtual garden path

Andrea Hill, the £218,000 a year Chief Executive of Suffolk County Council is on ‘gardening leave’ –the euphemism for employees who have been sacked or are leaving and have been instructed to stay away from work while remaining on the pay-roll.

Under the government’s New Strategic Directive to downsize the responsibilities of local councils, Andrea Hill led an initiative to promote a ‘virtual council’. The plan was to outsource all services to local social enterprises, charities and staff-mutuals (consortia of employees). Her plan collapsed under massive cuts to the local services budget, together with the need to observe legal requirements for statutory services to disabled people, children and others in need. Similar attempted transfers of local council duties by Bury and Brighton & Hove Council have crashed to a halt.

The lesson is that the civilising infrastructure of even a capitalist society cannot rely on the whims of some and the profits of others. There is no substitute for the democratic control of our services and that is what we must fight for.

SUSAN DAVIDSON

North London


 

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