Venezuela: The battle against police corruption and counter-revolution

At the beginning of November, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro called for ‘a revolution’ within the police and a purging of the state security forces. His comments came after a Caracas police officer was implicated in the brutal assassination of a Chavista politician and members of a collective in the capital were shot in cold blood by police. The two events illustrate just some of the problems facing the country’s PSUV government as it attempts to build socialism in the face of vicious counter-revolution and tackle the endemic corruption and violence that are the legacy of years of neo-colonial government prior to 1998. SAM McGILL reports.

On 1 October, PSUV activist and national assembly member Robert Serra was stabbed to death in his home alongside his partner, Maria Herrera. His bodyguard, a Caracas police officer, later confessed to allowing the six murderers into Serra’s apartment. According to Venezuela’s Justice Ministry, a Colombian/Venezuelan paramilitary, Leiva Padilla Mendoza was paid $250,000 – by whom, it is not clear – to organise the killing. He was arrested by Interpol in Cartagena in early November and is now in prison in Colombia.

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PSUV Congress agrees Bolivarian Revolution’s line of march

President Maduro addresses July's PSUV Congress

In July 2014 the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) held its third Congress, the first since the death of the party’s founder Hugo Chavez in 2013. The Congress ratified the political programme put forward by Chavez and reaffirmed Nicolas Maduro as party leader. It identified the fundamental tasks of the Bolivarian Revolution over the next five years as ‘the construction of a productive economic apparatus and the advancement and transition towards a socialist economy’, with ‘state transformation’ a key objective. The subsequent cabinet shake-up, campaign against smuggling and focus on food production and popular participation are crucial steps in the struggle for socialism in Venezuela. Sam McGill reports.

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Venezuela: Imperialist lies, socialist advances

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 240 August/September 2014

As the Bolivarian Revolution resists the most recent wave of destabilisation, official statistics on poverty in Venezuela for 2013 are deliberately manipulated, becoming yet another stick with which to beat the socialist government. Yet despite headlines in pro-imperialist Venezuelan newspapers crowing that ‘Over 700,000 Venezuelans slipped into extreme poverty in one year’ (El Pais, 28 May) and ‘Poverty in Venezuela swells from 21.2% to 27.3% in one year’ (El Universal, 23 May), a closer look at the actual figures shows that, under the Bolivarian Revolution, structural poverty fell to a record low in 2013. Sam Mcgill reports.

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Venezuela: The battle for the socialist heart of the Bolivarian Revolution /FRFI! 239 Jun/Jul 2014

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 239 June/July 2014

Venezuela has faced down the most serious challenge to its Bolivarian Revolution since the 2002 attempted coup. Despite a wave of street violence orchestrated by the opposition, with the specific aim of creating a pretext for imperialist intervention (see FRFI 238), the government of President Maduro has managed to restore near-stability. Sam Mcgill & Cat Allison report.

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Venezuela fights counter-revolution / FRFI 238 Apr/May 2014

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 238 April/May 2014

Last summer, Venezuelan opposition leaders met with a group of international reactionaries, including the viciously right-wing former Colombian president Alvaro Uribe and the director of USAID for Latin America, Mark Feierstein, to pen the following strategy:

• ‘Maintain and increase sabotages that affect public services... that will enable responsibility to be placed on the government for supposed inefficiencies and negligence’;

• ‘Emphasise social problems, provoking social discontent, increase problems with supply of basic consumer products’;

• ‘Create situations of crisis in the streets that will facilitate US intervention, as well as NATO forces, with the support of the Colombian government. Whenever possible, the violence should result in deaths or injuries’;

• ‘Extend the image of a severe crisis in Venezuela to more external media and possible countries as a means of managing international public opinion’.

(Excerpts from Strategic Plan Venezuela, June 2013)1

Following a resounding victory of 76% for socialist forces in December’s municipal elections, the stakes for Venezuela’s parasitic comprador class and its imperialist backers are high. Defeated at the ballot box and faced with an economic offensive on their ill-gotten profits, Venezuela’s beleaguered elite has resorted once again to coup tactics. SAM MCGILL reports.

Violence, price and profit
It is no coincidence that the current wave of anti-government protests, launched on 12 February, came within days of the implementation of a new law against the price speculation, currency fraud and product hoarding which has rocked the economy in recent months.2 President Maduro reports that 40% of subsidised products sold through the Mision Alimentacion nutrition programme are smuggled to neighbouring Colombia where they can be sold at 20 times the price. Inspections have begun at principal ports La Guaira and Puerto Cabello where an estimated 5,000 goods containers lie abandoned, imported only as part of a currency scam.

The anti-government protests began in San Cristobal, Tachira state, on the border with Colombia. Whilst media reports project an image of a whole country in turmoil, the protests have been restricted to the most affluent areas of six main cities where violent masked gangs have attacked transport systems, subsidised food markets, public health centres and government offices. Burning street barricades and barbed wire booby traps designed to decapitate motorcyclists have accompanied effigies of black people and Cuban doctors suspended from bridges. These are destabilisation tactics associated with the Guarimba plan advocated by Cuban exile Robert Alonso who during similar protests in 2004 stated:

‘The only objective of the Guarimba is to create anarchistic chaos on the national level with the help of all citizens and in the main cities of Venezuela, so as to force the Castro-Communist regime of Venezuela to order “Plan Avila” [a military contingency plan to enforce public order].’

This time, the Guarimba figureheads are Leopoldo Lopez and Maria Corina Machado who have repeatedly called for la salida (‘the exit’) of President Maduro. Lopez is a member of the Mendoza oligarch family and heads the opposition party Voluntad Popular. As Mayor of Chacao, he played a leading role in the failed 2002 coup against Hugo Chavez. Maria Corina Machado is an opposition National Assembly member who also supported the coup, as well as signing the Strategic Venezuelan Plan detailed above. On 18 February, dressed in white and clutching flowers, Lopez choreographed a media stunt, turning himself in to face charges of arson and conspiracy. He remains in custody using twitter and his website to continue to foment dissent.

The protesting students are pawns in a lethal game which has resulted in over 30 deaths among opposition activists, chavistas, bystanders and security forces alike. Despite the international media’s portrayal of the protests as peaceful, a comprehensive list published by Venezuela Analysis3 highlights that it is the opposition’s street barricades ‘which have claimed at least 17 lives including people shot while trying to clear away debris, “accidents” caused by barricades and street traps, and patients prevented from reaching hospital’. Some deaths may have been orchestrated to further escalate violence and apportion blame. Genesis Carmona, a student and former beauty queen, died from a gunshot wound on 18 February during an opposition march in Valencia, a photogenic tragedy that even made the pages of Britain’s Daily Mirror. Omitted from press coverage were the ballistic investigations showing she was shot in the back from within the ranks of the protest. No equivalent coverage was given to the community activist Gisella Rubilar, a chavista mother of three shot dead by an opposition protester as she attempted to clear away a barricade in Merida.

Media manipulation and hollow hypocrisy
By 7 March, 1,603 people had been arrested in connection with the unrest, the majority released without charge or on bail. 92 remain in custody charged with crimes including homicide. 21 members of the security forces have been arrested for alleged abuses and excess use of force. President Maduro has demanded that the National Guard (GNB) show restraint, emphasising that the right to peaceful protest is guaranteed but violence will not be tolerated. Those who breach their orders have been arrested and investigated. Thousands turned out to show their support for ‘peace and life and GNB soldiers’ at a civic-military procession on 17 March. Yet bourgeois national news outlets such as La Patilla and El Nacional continue to deliberately circulate pictures of security forces brutally attacking protesters in countries such as Chile and Egypt, falsely passing them off as portraying current events in Venezuela. Chavista ‘colectivos’, grassroots community organisations which physically defend their communities against counter-revolutionaries, are inevitably presented as violent thugs on motorcycles.

The capitalist media, both domestic and international, has played a crucial role in presenting a completely distorted picture of what is happening in Venezuela. It directly represents the interests of the very same class desperately defending its privilege based on fraud and speculation. Opposition demands for free speech ring rather hollow when, only 4.58% of television and radio channels are controlled by the state, while 80% of the media is privately-owned, mainly by those opposed to the Bolivarian Revolution. For example, the major news outlet Ultimas Noticias is owned by the family of opposition leader Henrique Capriles and Leopoldo Lopez’s father is on the editorial board of the right-wing El Nacional newspaper.

Opposition leaders and groomed student activists work hand-in-hand with the bourgeois media, supported by the interests of international finance capital. The European Commission channels around €7m annually to opposition groups; nearly $15m of US funding has been directed towards youth and student groups, including training in the use of social networks.4 Student leaders have been sent to the US for training in the use of internet activism and media networking. This is the essence of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s ‘21st-century statecraft’ – the use of social media to achieve regime change. It is notable that unlike other student protests across Latin America, none of the demands relates to education. In fact under the Bolivarian Revolution, education is free and university attendance has tripled. The majority of students taking part in the anti-government protest are privileged white youth from Venezuela’s elite privately-run universities.

The opposition says it is protesting against ‘scarcity, inflation and insecurity’; this is rank hypocrisy in the face of initiatives taken by the Bolivarian Revolution in recent months. Whilst the opposition have boycotted peace talk initiatives, preferring to torch food trucks and subsidised popular food markets, in February Maduro approved nearly two million dollars for the import of meat, milk and other basic food stuffs. Millions of dollars have also been spent financing projects to help former gang members off the streets. As economist Mark Weisbrot argues, ‘the economic situation is actually stabilising – monthly inflation fell in February, and the black-market dollar has fallen sharply on the news that the government is introducing a new, market-based exchange rate. Venezuela’s sovereign bonds returned 11.5% from 11 February to 13 March, the highest returns in the Bloomberg dollar emerging market bond index.’5

This commitment to tackling the real issues faced by Venezuela, propelled by grassroots pressure, is the backbone of the continued popular support for Maduro’s government. Popular forces, including oil workers, students and women’s organisations are taking a stand in in defending the concrete gains of the working class under the Bolivarian Revolution that has slashed levels of extreme poverty, provided free universal health care and education, built hundreds of thousands of houses, developed thousands of social projects and is building a real transformative democracy through socialist communal councils and comunas.

Latin American countries back Venezuela
Venezuela has some of the world’s largest oil reserves, with over 800,000 barrels exported to the US on a daily basis. As the capitalist crisis bites, the US is ever more desperate to regain political control over its backyard and guarantee its energy needs. Sections of the ruling class are demanding ‘targeted sanctions’. At the behest of the US, Panama convened an emergency meeting of the Organisation of American States with the aim of achieving regional backing for foreign intervention in Venezuela.

Despite these attempts, in March 29 OAS states supported a declaration expressing ‘solidarity with the people and government of Venezuela’ and respect for ‘the principle of non-intervention’. Only the US, Canada and Panama voted against. Panama contains the Colon Free Trade Zone which operates the Panama Canal and functions as a huge port for the Americas. In 2012, Venezuela imported around $1.7bn of goods from Panama, predominantly through the private sector. Panama has long been a popular destination for currency scams and a safe haven for rich Venezuelan exiles.

In contrast to the US and its Panamanian lackey, Latin America has emerged more united than ever to back the Bolivarian Revolution. Regional initiatives including UNASUR, MERCOSUR and ALBA have denounced the violent coup tactics, restating their opposition to foreign intervention and respect for Bolivarian democracy. Other radical students in Latin America have distanced themselves from the Venezuelan protests. For example, the Chilean Federation of University Students, which fought against the Pinochet dictatorship in the 1970s and played a key role in Chile’s recent protests, stated: ‘We reject any attempt at destabilisation, hoarding of food and coup-mongering that aims to bypass the sovereign decisions of the people of Venezuela…Similarly, we don’t feel represented by the actions of Venezuelan student sectors that have taken the side of the defence of the old order’.

Despite throwing money at opposition groups, orchestrating a media war and pulling strings in regional networks, US and European imperialism is once again failing to achieve ‘regime change’ in Venezuela.


2. ‘Venezuela economic battlelines are drawn in run-up to elections’, FRFI 236 December 2013/January 2014



5. ‘The truth about Venezuela: a revolt of the well-off, not a “terror campaign”’, Mark Weisbrot, The Guardian 20 March 2014


Reports from the frontline:

speaking tour by Venezuelan revolutionary

Throughout April and May the Revolutionary Communist Group and supporters of the FRFI are holding a series of public meetings with the Venezuelan revolutionary Rafael Ramos. Rafael is a representative of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela’s youth wing (JPSUV) and was interviewed in our documentary, Viva Venezuela: fighting for socialism. Rafael, a community artist and student activist, will give an eyewitness accounts of Venezuela’s struggle against imperialism and popular resistance to the recent coup attempt in his country.


Sunday 6 April, 2-4pm

Kinning Park Complex, 43 Cornwall Street, G41 1BA

Newcastle upon Tyne

Wednesday 16 April 7pm

St John the Baptist Church Hall, Grainger street, NE1 5JG


Saturday 3 May 3pm

The Casa, 29 Hope Street,

L1 9BQ


Saturday 31 May 2pm

Bolivar Hall, 54 Grafton Way, W1T 5DL (Warren Street tube)


Wednesday 7 May, 7.30pm

Upstairs at The Town Hall Tavern, Tib Lane, M2 4JA

Saturday 24 May 2pm

Cross Street Chapel, Cross Street, M2 1NL

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  1. Venezuela: New year, new battles
  2. Venezuela: Bolivarian Revolution faces renewed violence
  3. Venezuela economic battlelines are drawn in run-up to elections (updated)
  4. Venezuela: Class struggle in the fight for food/FRFI 235 Oct/Nov 2013
  5. Venezuela: the fight against corruption /FRFI 234 Aug/Sep 2013
  6. Venezuela: Class struggle sharpens in wake of presidential elections/ FRFI 233 Jun/Jul 2013
  7. Letter from the Venezuelan Ambassador
  8. Protest to defend the Venezuelan embassy
  9. Why the majority of Venezuelans will vote Maduro for President /FRFI 232 Apr/May 2013
  10. Chavez’s legacy: the fight for socialism /FRFI 232 Apr/May 2013
  11. Comandante Chavez: socialist, internationalist, revolutionary /FRFI 232 Apr/May 2013
  12. Victory for Maduro and the Bolivarian Revolution
  13. SWP’s Mike Gonzalez says yes to counter-revolution in Venezuela
  14. In memory of President Hugo Chavez
  15. Venezuela: masses mobilise in defence of Bolivarian Revolution /FRFI 231 Feb/Mar 2013
  16. SWP vultures circle Bolivarian Revolution
  17. Venezuela: on the frontline of the battle for socialism/FRFI 230 Dec 2012/Jan 2013
  18. Venezuelan presidential elections the state and the Bolivarian Revolution /FRFI 229 Oct/Nov 2012
  19. RCG Delegation Heads to Caracas Today! - 26 Sep 2012
  20. Venezuela elections: political violence and media manipulation / 228 Aug/Sep 2012
  21. Venezuela and Cuba at the heart of Latin American independence / FRFI 225 Feb/Mar 2012
  22. Venezuela’s communal councils: socialism in construction / FRFI 224 Decr 2011/Jan 2012
  23. Venezuela: rebuilding a nation / FRFI 223 Oct/Nov 2011
  24. Venezuela defies US interference
  25. Chavez returns: The battle continues