Tweets, terrorists and mercenaries renewed attacks on Cuba /FRFI! 239 Jun/Jul 2014

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 239 June/July 2014

In April and May 2014, news about two US-based attacks on Cuba hit international headlines, demonstrating that as the capitalist crisis intensifies, imperialist attempts to destabilise the popular and revolutionary government of socialist Cuba continue. Louise Gartrel reports.

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Cuban double agent reveals CIA machinations in Cuba

Enemigo by Raúl Capote, Editorial Jose Marti, 2011 (in Spanish)

Review by Raidel López

In Enemigo (Enemy), Cuban writer and university professor of history, Raúl Capote, reveals his life as a double agent; agent Pablo for the CIA, and agent Daniel for Cuban intelligence. This is not a work of fiction or a classic spy novel. It is the real experience narrated by the protagonist about plans by the CIA and its allies to destroy the Cuban Revolution. His story reveals one of the many facets of the US war against Cuba. For over half a century plans of espionage, sabotage, terrorist attacks, assassination, subversion, military, economic and political aggression, have been made and executed from the US. Most of these plans have failed, thanks to the work and sacrifice of men like Capote.

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Cuba inaugurates new port with international partners /FRFI 238 Apr/May 2014

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 238 April/May 2014

On 27 January, Cuban President Raul Castro and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff inaugurated the first 700 metre section of a container terminal at the port of Mariel, Cuba, in a ceremony attended by the Presidents of Haiti, Bolivia, Venezuela and Guyana and the Prime Minister of Jamaica. Raul Castro declared: ‘This container terminal, and the powerful infrastructure accompanying it, are a concrete example of the optimism and confidence with which we Cubans see a socialist and prosperous future.’ The heads of state were in Havana for a summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (see FRFI 237).

The Mariel Special Economic Development Zone is a 465km2 deepwater sea port and industrial park area in Artemisa Province, 45km west of Havana. The $950m development is intended to ‘increase exports, the effective substitution of imports, [promote] high-technology and local development projects, as well as contributing to the creation of new jobs’, and to stimulate foreign investment in Cuba. Mariel is the nearest port to the US. The Zone will benefit from the expansion of the Panama Canal, to be completed in 2015, and the creation of the transoceanic Nicaragua Canal by the HKND Group, expected to be completed by 2019. With world-leading technology and sufficient depth, Mariel will be able to accommodate huge post-Panamax vessels and act as a transhipment hub for the region.

Investments have already been proposed by companies in China, Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and the Dominican Republic, among others. Among the first projects will be a Brazilian-funded biopharmaceutical joint venture with a Cuban state company, to produce monoclonal antibodies for a cancer vaccine. The port was built by the Brazilian engineering group Odebrecht in partnership with the Cuban state and subsidised by $682m from the Brazilian government’s Development Bank (BNDES). In 2012 Odebrecht USA sued the State of Florida over a state law banning trade with companies which have business ties to Cuba. Brazil is Cuba’s second largest trading partner in Latin America, after Venezuela. About 400 Brazilian companies were involved in the project, generating some 156,000 jobs in Brazil and earning $802m for construction businesses. In Cuba, more than 2,000 workers from nearby towns were employed on the construction, and the Zone is expected to generate 3,000 direct jobs and 5,000 indirect ones.

The terminal will replace Havana Port as the main harbour of Cuba. It will have an initial 700 metre berth, a 2,400 metre dock and an annual capacity of up to one million containers. New roads and railway infrastructure will be built to link up with existing highways. The port will be operated by Singapore’s PSA International, which runs several of the world’s largest ports.

Foreign companies operating in the Zone can retain up to 100% ownership (as opposed to the standard joint venture agreement in which the Cuban state retains 51% ownership), are exempt from customs duties and labour taxes, get a one-year holiday on sales and services taxes and a 10-year reprieve for taxes on profits (after which they will pay 12% tax on profits). Contracts will be extended from 25 to up to 50 years.

However, unlike in similarly named ‘free-trade zones’, Cuban workers will be protected. 99% of the workers at the port will be Cubans and foreign investors applications will be scrutinised by the regulatory Office of the Mariel Special Economic Development Zone, which will report directly to the Council of Ministers of the Cuban government. All companies will have to pay a 14% social security tax and 0.5% of their income into a Zone maintenance and development fund, and a 1% sales or service tax for local transactions. Cuban workers must be recruited via a state-run employment agency. The Cuban state receives payment for their labour in hard currency and converts a proportion of this into (convertible or national) pesos for the payment of salaries. Foreign workers in the Zone will also have to pay the normal Cuban income tax rate.

The creation of new employment bolsters measures to streamline the state sector, as non-state sector employment has risen to 27% of Cubans (including cooperatives), up from 16% in 2010. This is part of a wider push for sustained economic growth, based on greater efficiency and productivity. The need to update and improve the Cuban economy was addressed in the Economic and Social Policy Guidelines of the Party and the Revolution published in November 2010. The Guidelines were approved in April 2011 at the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, following debate among the Cuban population who made more than three million suggestions, resulting in changes to more than half the original draft (see FRFI 221). However, the Zone also emerges from long-standing plans to improve Mariel Port and follows visits by Cuban officials to similar zones in China, Vietnam and the Caribbean. Mariel is the largest and the first in a series of planned Special Economic Development Zones in Cuba.

Mariel could prove to be the greatest challenge yet to the illegal US blockade, which prohibits ships that dock in Cuba from entering US territorial waters for six months. The measure is a punishment and deterrent for third countries to prevent trade with Cuba. Several countries are moving to improve trade relations with Cuba, especially attracted by the new megaport and by Cuban deepwater gas and oil reserves. Mexico recently cancelled 70% of Cuba’s almost $478m debt. Russia cancelled Cuba’s disputed $29bn of Soviet-era ‘debt’. The Russian company Zarubezhneft plans to resume near-shore oil-drilling in Cuban seas this year. The Cuban government has improved repayments of its foreign debt as it seeks to attract more foreign capital for the infrastructural investments needed for national development.

In late March 2014, the National Assembly will discuss a proposed new Foreign Investment Law to replace the most recent laws, dating back to 1995 during the Special Period. Minister of Foreign Trade and Investment, Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz, commented: ‘it offers greater guarantees and incentives for foreign investment and ensures the attraction of capital which will contribute effectively to the objectives of sustainable development and recovery of the national economy, which today has a strategic connotation for the country’.

Andrew George

RATB hosts international rally for the Cuban Five in the heart of London /FRFI 238 Apr/May 2014

Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 238 April/May 2014 

Video credit: See Li Photo Capital

On Sunday 9 March activists from the US, Canada, Latin America, Cuba and Europe joined a rally hosted by Rock around the Blockade (RATB) in Trafalgar Square to demand justice and freedom for the Cuban Five: five Cuban men arrested in Miami in 1998, convicted on trumped up charges and condemned to long prison sentences. They were in fact trying to prevent acts of terrorism against Cuba by infiltrating violent exile groups in Miami. None of the charges against them involved violence, weapons or damage to property. Since 1959, nearly 3,500 Cubans have died and over 2,000 have been injured as a result of terrorist attacks and aggression – mainly launched from Miami.

The rally was held in support of the International Commission of Inquiry into the Case of the Cuban Five, which had taken place over the previous two days at the Law Society in Central London. During the Commission, legal professionals, expert witnesses, victims of US-based terrorism against Cuba and the family members of the Cuban Five, gave powerful testimony to an audience of 250 people. Evidence detailed the multiple legal failings and irregularities, and human rights violations in the case, and contextualised the Five’s original anti-terrorism mission against a backdrop of complicity and indifference by the US government. Cuba has suffered from US-based terrorist attacks for 55 years. The Commission’s preliminary conclusions called on US President Obama ‘to pardon completely all these five persons and to release immediately and unconditionally the three persons who continue to languish in prison in the United States.’ Their final report will be sent to the US president.

While the Commission focused on the legal aspects of the case, the RATB rally had a clear political message of solidarity with Cuban socialism. The rally was opened by Kenia Serano, President of the Cuban Institute of Friendship with the People, who thanked RATB for hosting the rally and welcomed activists from around the world. Other important speakers included Gloria La Riva (US National Committee to Free the Cuban Five), Janine Solanki (Free the Cuban 5 Committee – Vancouver), and Bill O’Brien (Cuba Support Group – Ireland). There were also speeches from Latin American activists who live in London. David Yaffe, from the Revolutionary Communist Group, explained how demanding justice for the Cuban Five meant defending socialist Cuba, a country which offers an alternative to imperialist plunder, austerity and cuts. ‘Every day that we’re out on the streets campaigning for the Cuban Five, we’re campaigning for every one of us, for a better life, for a more just system, for education and health for our people.’ He urged the activists to tell the public ‘what social system the Cuban Five stand for: a system of humanity, a system of justice, a system that looks after its people’.

All the speakers condemned the British government’s decision to prevent Rene Gonzalez from entering Britain to give his testimony. The British government can deny visas to anyone who has been sentenced to more than four years in prison. Dispensation can be granted, but they chose to obstruct Rene Gonzalez’s participation. In late 2011, Rene Gonzalez (15 years) was granted ‘supervised release’ on a three-year term, initially under life-threatening conditions: to remain in Miami alongside the terrorists he monitored. In spring 2013 he returned permanently to Cuba. In late February 2014, Fernando Gonzalez (18 years) was released into detention by US immigration authorities who immediately deported him to Cuba. Antonio Guerrero (22 years) and Ramon Labañino (30 years) face many more years of incarceration. Gerardo Hernandez (two consecutive life sentences) will never leave prison, except through political intervention. The Five’s legal representatives have pointed out that, given the political nature of the case, a political movement is needed to demand justice.

During the weekend of activity in London, RATB activists in Newcastle and Glasgow also held protests in support of the Cuban Five. RATB will continue to contribute to the international movement demanding justice for the Cuban Five and redouble its commitment to support and defend Cuban socialism.

Set up by the Revolutionary Communist Group in 1995, RATB campaigns in solidarity with Cuba’s socialist revolution, opposes the illegal US blockade and the ‘regime change’ agenda of imperialist powers threatened by the example of Cuba’s socialist alternative. To get involved anywhere in Britain, contact us at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call 020 7837 1688.

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RATB hosts international rally in London - See our facebbook page for more photos

Free the Cuban Five! International activists rally in Trafalgar Square, London, 9 March 2014



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 RATB hosts international rally in London - See our facebbook page for more photos

The sun was out in London, as members of Rock around the Blockade (RATB) were joined by activists, writers, musicians and academics from around the world to demand freedom for the Cuban Five and to show solidarity with socialist Cuba. The rally was held in support of the International Committee of Inquiry into the Case of the Cuban Five, which took place in London over the previous two days.

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